Play Box

Executive Functioning Skills 

Lego products are popular construction toys and can be a valuable tool for developing and enhancing executive functioning skills in children and even adults. Executive functioning skills are a set of cognitive processes that include self-regulation, working memory, cognitive flexibility, and problem-solving. Duplo are the 'chunky' sized Lego that makes them perfect for little hands and the size is extremely useful to to develop visual skills of younger children. 

Here's how engaging children with Duplo can build executive functioning and 21st century skills:

Learning Through Play Agenda

The magic begins when children begin to learn through play. Skills are mastered in a relaxed and joyful environment. Play Box offers children this wonderful opportunity by engaging them in fun activities.

Communication and Collaboration

When participating in group projects, children need to communicate and collaborate effectively. They will be developing both receptive and expressive language skills. These social executive function skills are crucial for teamwork.



Building with the bricks can be a source of frustration if things don't go as planned. Learning to manage this frustration, stay calm, and continue with the project is a form of emotional regulation, another executive functioning skill.

Persistence and Resilience

As children develop their fine motor skills, they will require persistence in order to interlink the bricks to create a desired effect. As children encounter difficulties or setbacks, they learn to persevere and develop resilience.

Cognitive Flexibility

Cognitive flexibility involves the ability to switch between tasks or strategies as needed. Children may encounter challenges and obstacles during construction. They need to adapt and change their approach, promoting cognitive flexibility.


Some activities have instructions and others allow for more creativity to achieve the goal. Children may encounter issues with either of these types of activities. They must use their problem-solving skills to overcome these obstacles, such as finding alternative pieces or methods to complete an activity.


Inhibition is the ability to ignore distractions and focus on the task at hand. When working on a project, individuals learn to concentrate and stay focused on their design, which is a crucial skill for executive functioning.

Working Memory

Working memory is the ability to hold and manipulate information in your mind while completing a task. Play Box tasks require children to remember the model they want to create, visualize the next steps, and remember where specific pieces are. 

Planning and Organization

When building with Duplo, children need to plan the structure or design they want to create. This involves organizing the pieces and arranging them in a logical sequence. This practice enhances skills related to planning and organization.



 activities have Getting started on a project is a task that requires initiation. It's an essential executive function skill, as initiating a task is often the most challenging part of any project.

Play Box activities nurture this skill development.



Completing a project requires time management, as children need to allocate time to different stages of the construction process. 


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